7 Steps on How to write an Abstract Correctly (With example)

Readers can better comprehend the scope of your paper and whether the information is pertinent to their studies with the aid of an engaging and well-written abstract. Additionally helpful for indexing in online databases is an abstract.

The definition of an abstract, types of abstracts, and writing an abstract are all covered in this essay. To assist you in creating your own abstract, we also provide a sample.

What is an abstract?

A study paper’s abstract summarizes its main points in a succinct and impactful manner. It includes words that are common throughout the entire paper and is typically original writing, not an excerpt from a larger work.

Abstracts generally contain four main elements:

  • Purpose: Clearly define the purpose and importance of your research. This includes a statement of the problem or issue.

  • Methodology: State the research methods used to answer your question.

  • Results: Summarize the main research results.

  • Conclusion: What are the implications of your research?

How to write an abstract

1. Write your paper

The first stage is to write your research paper because the abstract is a summary of a research paper. Even if you are certain of the information you will include in your paper, it is best to save the abstract until the conclusion so that you can precisely sum up the results you discuss in the paper.

2. Review the requirements

There might be particular guidelines regarding length or style if you’re writing for a journal or for a work assignment. Before you begin writing the abstract, go over all of the criteria.

3. Consider your audience and publication

Because abstracts are meant to help readers quickly decide whether they want to keep reading your work, it’s essential to consider your audience as you write the abstract. For instance, does it need to be written in a way that a lay reader can understand it or should it be written in a style suitable for academics or the medical field?

4. Explain the problem

This speaks to the particular issue that your study tackles or seeks to resolve. Decide whether your study will focus on a particular issue or a general one, and then specify your primary argument or claim.

5. Explain your methods

The steps you made to complete your study, including the research you conducted, the variables you included, and your approach, will then be described. Include any supporting documentation you had for your claim.

6. Describe your results

Explain the broad conclusions and conclusions you came to from your research. If you are unable to briefly outline all of your findings, you can just emphasize the most significant ones.

7. Give a conclusion

Address the significance of your results and the significance of the paper to close out your summary. Both kinds of abstracts will have a conclusion, but only the informative abstract will go over the implications of your work.



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