Complete WAEC Syllabus for Edo 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must read up on the WAEC Edo syllabus in order to take the test. It includes the Edo exam’s goals and objectives, notes, and format.

The Edo curriculum must be studied in order to prepare for the exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without reference to the Edo syllabus is equivalent to visiting a farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end. Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s recommended textbooks and the Edo syllabus are included in this page (WAEC).

WAEC Edo Syllabus

This exam syllabus was created in 2006 by NERDC and is totally based on the senior secondary school curriculum for Edo.


It is designed to:

  • enable candidates speak, read and write competently in Edo to communicate effectively with other speakers of the language;
  • familiarize candidates with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of Edo Language;
  • acquaint candidates with the necessary tools needed for a thorough appreciation of Edo Speech Usage, Literature and Culture (customs and institutions).


There will be two papers in the exam: Papers 1 and 2. All facets of the Edo language will be evaluated, including comprehension, composition, the sound system, grammar, and translation. Additionally, it will assess fundamental concepts of literary appreciation as well as basic texts of oral and written literature, customs, and institutions. It is required to write the rubrics in Edo.

60 multiple-choice questions on the topics of language, literature, and culture will be included in PAPER 1. Candidates will have one hour to complete all of the questions for a total of 60 points.

The following is how the questions will be divided up:

Section A: Language

Comprehension (2 short passages)                 –           10 items

Composition                                                    –             4 items

Sound System                                                 –             6 items

Grammar                                                         –             6 items

Translation                                                      –             4 items

  • 30 items

Section B: Literature

Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation      –           4 items

                        Oral Literature            –           Prose   –  3

–           Poetry  –  3       –           9 items

–           Drama –  3

                        Written Literature       –           Prose   –  3

–           Poetry  –  3       –           9 items

–           Drama –  3

Section C: Culture

Customs                                                          –           4 items

Institutions                                                      –           4 items

8 items

Total    =          (30 + 22 + 8)   =          60 items


The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2.

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper

PAPER 2:      Essay-Type:     Language, Literature & Culture         Time:   2 hours

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all: three questions from Section A; two questions from Section B; and one question from Section C. They will also be required to answer all the questions in Edo using the official Edo orthography and metalanguage. The paper shall carry 100 marks.


Section A:      Language


Candidates are encouraged to limit their time to 45 minutes and write 300 words for this section. Any of the following essay types will be appropriate for the topic chosen:

  • Narrative
  • Descriptive
  • Argumentative
  • Expository
  • Dialogue
  • Debate
  • Letter writing

Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two that will be set.


  • Vowels, Consonants and Syllabic nasal
  • their production in terms of place and manner
  • their basic phonetic and phonemic classification
  • Syllable structure
  • Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony



  • Sound system aspect of the orthography
  • Tones and tone notation


Candidates will be required to answer 1 question from the 2 questions set.


  • Word structure and word formation
  • Numerals: basic and derived
  • Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc.
  • Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person, tense, aspect, mood, etc.
  • Phrases and clauses
  • The structure and type of sentences.

Section B:       Literature

This Section consists of Oral Literature and Written Literature.

Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book, making three questions in all. Candidates will be required to answer any one of the questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. One question will be set on each set book making a total of three questions.  Candidates will be required to answer any one of the questions.

Section C:      Culture

This Section will consist of topics on customs and institutions. 2 questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer 1.

Topics to be examined will include:


  • make-up and adornments
  • in-door and out-door games
  • pregnancy and its care
  • names/naming ceremonies
  • home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc.
  • Edo foods
  • non-verbal communication
  • funerals: traditional and modern methods
  • inheritance: traditional and modern methods.


  • traditional occupations
  • marriage
  • politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc.
  • child care
  • ancestors
  • Edo beliefs about Osalobua/Osanobua (God), deities/divinities, other invisible forces, etc.
  • modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc.
  • Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.


Paper 1                                                –             60 marks (30%)

Paper 2                                                –           100 marks (70%)

160 marks (100%)

Maximum Marks Obtainable – 160 marks (to be scaled down to 100%)

NB:     To enhance the teaching of this language, it is recommended that schools provide audio-visual materials such as television sets, radios, tape-recorders and tapes, cameras, charts and artefacts.

AUTHOR                                           TITLE                                                PUBLISHER           


Osaren Omoregie                            Iden Nokpokhuo                                                                                                                              (A novel on Queen Iden)


Obazee Gabriel et al.                      Asikoko Ekharha Oghe Edo           National Council of

Arts & Culture, Abuja

Selected poems:

  1. Osanobua                 –           Emmanuel Orobosa Oronsaye                  p. 7
  2. Ose Dan                    –           Abel Igbinosa                                               p. 15
  3. Eghian                       –           Violet O. Omoregie                                      p. 18
  4. Itohan                         –           Osemwegie Osayomorre                            p. 32
  5. Igho                            –           H. I. Ojo                                                          p. 41
  6. Edo ne evbo mwen –           Eunice O. Orhuozee                                   p. 49
  7. Uwu                            –           Lawrence Osas Osakaue                           p. 30
  8. Gia doloyi                  –           Apostle P. O. Osakaue                               p. 70
  9. Edo ne evbo Ahirre –           Gabriel O. Obazee                                       p. 75
  10. Alaghodaro               –           Uyilawa Usuanlele                                      p. 68
  11. Ewaen                       –           Felix I. Omoregie                                          p. 26
  12. Ukhu                          –           Emmanuel Orobosa Oronsaye                  p. 14


Ikponmwosa Osemwegie               Eseikho                                             Language Press


AUTHOR                                           TITLE                                                PUBLISHER           


Imasuen, E. O. (DR)                        Edo course Bk 4 – 6                        Aisien Publishers

Omozuwa, Victor Edosa                 Edo phonetics and phonology       Ambik Press




Osemwegie, Osayomwanbo E.     Izelogha                                             Osunero Publishers


Ikponmwosa, Osemwegie              Oro (pages 1 – 49)                          Pristine Publications


Osemwegie, Osayomwanbo E.     Me Okpao Ghare                             Osunero Publishers



Emovon & Osemwegie                   Okha Edo (pp 1 – 5; 23 – 45;         Nelson Publishers                                                               & 81 – 85)


Obazee Gabriel et al.                      Asikoko Ekharha Oghe Edo           National Council of

(pp 1 – 37)                                         Arts & Culture, Abuja


Ikponmwosa Osemwegie               Eseikho                                             Language Press


Imasuen, E. O. (DR)                        Edo course Bk 4 – 6                        Aisien Publishers

Erhahon Ivie                                     Edo Proverbs and Figure of           UNIBEN Press                                                                      Speech


Eghareuba, J. U.                              A short History of Bini                     University Press

Emwinma, Ogie                                Imaguero                                           c/o Aisien Publishers

Ahiatuoghiomwan, Enabulele       Ebe Iruemwi Edo Nogieha             Emnasco Production                                                           (pp 30 – 40)

Agheyisi, (Prof)                                 An Edo/English Dictionary             Ethiope Publishers


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