Complete WAEC Syllabus for Fisheries 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must prepare for the exam by studying the WAEC Fisheries syllabus. The Fisheries exam’s goals and objectives, notes, and format are all included.

The Fisheries syllabus must be studied in order to be prepared for the exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without reference to the Fisheries syllabus is equivalent to visiting a farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s Fisheries syllabus and suggested textbooks are included in this article (WAEC).

WAEC Fisheries

This curriculum was created to evaluate fishing as a trade for a living, with a focus on the development of knowledge and skills in the field as well as entrepreneurial abilities related to the subject matter.

Candidates will be required to respond to questions on each of the subjects listed in the Syllabus column.

The notes within are meant to give an idea of the range of the questions that will be asked, but they shouldn’t be viewed as a complete list of restrictions and examples.

Aims and Objectives

As a result, the curriculum will try to evaluate candidates on:

  • the importance of fisheries in the socio-economic development of West Africa;
  • skills in fish farming;
  • basic entrepreneurial skills in fisheries-related vocations;
  • the effects of water pollution on fishery resources
  • fish preservation and processing techniques.



  1. Schools offering Fisheries must have at least a small glass/plastic tank/aquarium and a fish pond/concrete tank.
  2. The study should be supplemented by visits to well established fish farms, fisheries research institutions, fishing companies and other institutions related to fisheries.
  3. It is recommended that candidates keep practical notebooks which should contain records of activities based on laboratory and individual observations carried out in glass tanks/aquaria and fish farms, field trips and also records of specimens collected.
  4. Schools should prepare an album of fishery organisms, fishing gear and craft and different fish rearing facilities and equipment for teaching purposes.

Scheme of Examination

There are three papers that must all be taken: Papers 1, 2, and 3. Papers 1 and 2 will be taken together as a composite paper in a single sitting.

Paper 1 will include forty multiple-choice objective questions that must all be answered in 40 minutes or less for a total of 40 marks.

The second paper will have six essay questions. The candidates will have to

For 80 points, respond to four questions within two hours.

PAPER 3: This practical paper will be given to school candidates as an alternative to the practical work paper.

There will be four questions in each paper version, and you will have 1 1/2 hours to complete them all for 60 points.

WAEC Fisheries Syllabus

Basic Concepts in Fisheries

  1. Introduction to Fisheries
    • Meaning of fisheries.
    • Sub-divisions of fisheries.
  2. Importance of fisheries.

Processes of Fish Production

  1. Capture fisheries
    • Different methods involved in capturing fisheries.
    • Materials required for capture fisheries and their uses.
  2. Culture fisheries.
    • Identification of common qualities of culturable fish species.
    • Identification of common culturable fishery organisms.
  3. Culture facilities.

Types of Fish Culture Facilities and Culture Systems

  1. Fish ponds.
    • Types of fish ponds.
    • Components of fish ponds.
  2. Systems of aquaculture.
    • Types of aquaculture.
    • Management systems in aquaculture.
  3. Water quality control and monitoring.
    • Definition of water quality.
    • Water quality parameters.
    • Methods of monitoring water quality.
    • Water pollution.
    • Optimum water parameter ranges

Fish Feeds and Feeding

  1. Fish feed/food materials.
    • Identification of different fish feed/food materials
    • Nutritive value of fish feed ingredients
  2. Fish feeding.
    1. Feeding regime for fish.
    2. Ideal feeding periods for fish.
    3. Methods of feeding.

Fish Pond Preparation and Management

  1. Fish pond construction
  2. Pond preparation
    • Tools required for pond preparation.
    • Preparation of ponds for stocking.
  3. Pond management.
    • Meaning of pond management.
    • Pond management practices.

Fish Harvesting and Post Harvesting Processes

  1. Materials and methods for harvesting fish.
    • Fishing gear
    • Construction and mending of fishing gear.
    • Methods of fish harvesting.
    • Fishing crafts
  2. Post-harvest handling of fish
    • Materials and methods for processing fish.
    • Methods of fish preservation.
    • Packaging materials for fish
    • Marketing channels for fish.

Fish Seed Production

  1. Brood stock selection and handling.
    • Differences between male and female sexually matured fishes.
    • Qualities of good breeders.
    • Ways of handling brood stock .
  2. Artificial breeding
    • Meaning and importance of artificial breeding.
    • Steps involved in artificial breeding of fishes.
    • Equipment and materials used in the artificial breeding of fish
  3. Managing and nursing fish seed

Practical Fisheries

Fish Culture

  1. Environmental conditions in fish habitats.
  2. Tools and equipment used in fish culture.
  3. Common culturable fish species.
  4. Fish feed and materials.
  5. Materials for pond preparation

Fishing Gear and Craft

  1. Fishing gear.
  2. Fishing craft.

Fish Processing and Preservation

  1. Fish processing and preservation.
  2. Equipment used in fish processing and preservation.
  3. Fish products and by-products.
  4. Fish packaging materials.

List of Facilities and Equipment

1 DO(Dissolved Oxygen) meter 2
2. pH meter 2
3. Conductivity meter 2
4. Thermometer 50
5. Water Test Kits 2
6. Microscopes 4
7. Magnifying Glass 30
8. Aquaria Tanks 5
9. Hatching Troughs 5
10. Nursery Tanks/Ponds 3
11. Demonstration Ponds 1 or more
12. Scoop Nets 10
13. Aerators and Accessories 10
14. Plastic Sieves 10
15. Compounded Feeds Many bags
16. Grinding Machines 2
17. Charts and Pictures Assorted
18. Video Clips in Fisheries Assorted
19. Pelleting Machine 1
20. Dissection Kits 2
21. Water Pumps 2
22. Secchi Disc 2
23 Model Gillnet 1
24 Model Cast net 1
25 Model Siene net 1
26 Model  traps Assorted
27 Model hooks and line 2
28 Model trawl net 1
29 Netting materials Assorted
30 Hooks packets 20(nos 1-20)
31 Nylon ropes 1
32 Mounting twine 1
33 Canoe 1
34 Paddles 2
35 Gutting knives 10
36 Measuring boards 5
37 Weighing balances 2
38 Hand gloves 30
39 Freezers 2
40 Ovens 2
41 Kilns 2
42 Fish drying racks 2
43 Fish boxes 5
44 Salting trays/basins 5
45 Sun-drying mats 5
46 Cardboards box 5
47 Nylon 10(bundles)
48 Baskets 10




Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top