You must prepare for the exam by studying the WAEC Carpentry and Joinery syllabus. The notes, format, and goals for the Carpentry and Joinery test are all included.
The Carpentry and Joinery syllabus must be studied to prepare for the exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.
It would be like to traveling to the farm without your agricultural tools to study for an exam without studying the Carpentry and Joinery Works syllabus. You won’t be effective in the end.
Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.
The West African Examination Council’s Carpentry and Joinery syllabus and suggested textbooks are included in this section (WAEC).
If you have any questions, please ask them in the comment area. I look forward to hearing from you.
WAEC Carpentry and Joinery
Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken. The first and second papers will be composite exams that must be taken all at once.
Paper 1 will include forty multiple-choice objective questions that must all be answered within 45 minutes for a total of 40 points.
Paper 2 will include two portions, A and B, which must be completed in one hour and 30 minutes for a total of 60 points.
Section A will have five brief, structured questions that must all be answered in 30 minutes for a total of 20 marks.
Three questions will make up Section B.
Candidates will have one hour to respond to any two questions for 40 points.
Paper 3 will consist of a two-hour practical exam. There will be two questions in it, and candidates must select one correctly to receive 100 points.
Schools must get a list of the test materials at least two weeks prior to the exam date so that they can make the necessary preparations and purchases.
Alternative to Practical
In the alternative, the Council may consider assessing candidates’ level of theoretical proficiency with the practical skills outlined in the syllabus in the case that materials for the real practical test cannot be obtained.
There will be two sets of mandatory questions for this alternate test, which must be answered in 11.5 hours for 100 points.
|1||Workshop and worksite safety (a) Workshop Rules and Regulation
(b) First Aid
(c) Worksite Safety
|Safety practices (personnel)
Safety devices (preventive and protective devices)
Safety rules (machines)
Types of first aid materials.
Worksite aids e.g. ladder, steps, scaffolding, etc.
|2||Tools, Machines and Maintenance
(a) Hand Tools
(b) Portable power tools and maintenance
(c) Machines and maintenance
|Woodwork hand tools (e.g., cutting tools, drilling tools, measuring and marking out tools, etc)
Types of portable power tools e.g. jigsaw, sanders, portable power saws, etc.
Uses of hand tools and portable power tools.
Maintenance and precautionary measures for hand tools.
Sketches of hand tools or portable power tools may be required.
Types and uses of machines in carpentry and joinery workshop.
|3||Materials: types and uses of (a) Timber;
(c) Ironmongery. e.t.c
|Growth and structure of timber.Conversion, seasoning and uses of timber.
Common defects in timber and their remedies.Reasons for seasoning timber.
Preservation and preservatives.Veneer and manufactured boards.
Types of adhesives; uses and characteristics (e.g. animal glue, casein glue, ureaformaldehyde).
Types of ironmongery (sketches may be required) e.g. screws, nails, hinges and locks.
Fixing of hinges and locks (specification for ordering nails may be required).
|4||Construction principles and Techniques
Doors and windows
Form work and centering
Estimating and costing
Wall panelling, cladding and partitioning
Pre-fabricated building Stairs, handrail and balusters
Scaffolding and ladder
Estimation and costing
|The sequence of timber preparation to sizes (plane wood surface to flatness and edge to planesquareness).
Sketching and developing working drawings.
Interpreting simple working drawings of wood projects.
Common woodwork joints, construction and uses.
Simple project requiring specified joint.Types of doors and windows.
Types of formworks, identification, construction and uses.
Identification, design or construction of centres for arches.Purpose of timbering.
Cost analysis of simple projects e.g. centre table, stool.
|5.||Finishes and Finishing
Types and grades of abrasives
Uses of abrasives
Selection of grades of abrasives
Types of finishes e.g. varnishing lacquer, paints, etc.
Characteristics and application of finishes
Finishing tools – spray gunFinishing process e.g. scraping, filling, sanding and staining.
Simple project work involving finishing.
|6||Business Opportunities in Carpentry and Joinery Trade
(a) Furniture making
(b) Material supply and merchandising
(c) Contract work
|(i) Project work with commercial value e.g. dining table, doors, etc.
(ii) Description of a standard small scale workshop (layout/equipment).
LIST OF FACILITIES AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS REQUIRED:
|ITEM NO.||EQUIPMENT||QUANTITY REQUIRED|
|1.||Standard Workshop with a good layout and ventilation||1|
|2.||First aid box||1|
|3.||Chart showing Safety Practices in Carpentry and Joinery Workshop||3|
|4.||Complete Tool box||3|
|6.||G Clamp or F Clamp||10|
|7.||Safety Equipment – Fire extinguisher, Fire bucket||1 each|
|8.||Ratchet Brace or Wheel Brace||2|
|32.||Firmer Chisel||2 Sets|
|33.||Mortise Chisel||2 Sets|
|34.||Carving Chisel||2 Sets|
|35.||Centre bit||2 Sets|
|36.||Twist bit||2 Sets|
|37.||Drill bit||2 Sets|
|38.||Star screw driver||2 Sets|
|40.||Combination plier (flat-nose)||2|
|41.||Flat screw driver||2 Sets|
|44.||Cross Pein Hammer||2|
|45.||Ball Pein Hammer||2|
|50.||Allen key||1 Set|
WAEC Recommended Textbooks
LIST OF RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS
|1||BRIAN PORTER & CHRISTOPHER TOOKE 3rd Edition (Bks 1,2 and 3)|
|2||WOOD TRADES (Part 1 and 2)||A.Y.EMARY|
|3||CARPENTRY AND JOINERY (Bks 1 and 2)||DAVID R.BATES|
|4||THE THEORY AND PRACTICAL OF WOODWORK 3rd Edition||GEORGE LOVE|
|7||CARPENTRY AND JOINERY (Bks 1,2 and 3)||R.BAYLISS|
|8||WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICAL||JOHN A.WARTOR|