Complete WAEC Syllabus for Clothing and Textiles 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must study the topic from the WAEC curriculum for Clothing and Textiles in order to take the test. The format, notes, and goals for the Clothing and Textiles exam are all included.

The Clothing and Textiles syllabus must be studied in order to prepare for the exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without reference to the Clothing and Textiles syllabus is equivalent to visiting a farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s Clothing and Textiles syllabus and suggested textbooks are included in this article (WAEC).

WAEC Clothing and Textiles

The Senior High School level clothing and textiles course aims to prepare students with knowledge and abilities in clothing manufacture and management.

Students gain employable skills as a result, which enhances both their quality of life and society as a whole.


The examination syllabus aims to assess students’ fundamental knowledge and comprehension of:

  • career opportunities in Clothing and Textiles.
  • basic scientific knowledge in Textiles e.g. fibres, origin and construction (fabrication), selection, fabric combinations, use and care of fabrics.
  • the significance of clothing, selection of appropriate clothing for all occasions and figure types.
  • the selection, use and maintenance of sewing equipment.
  • the clothing production skills e.g. pattern, freehand cutting and general processes in clothing construction.
  • the knowledge in designing and decorating family clothing and household articles.
  • the skills in the repair, renovation and remodelling of clothing and care of clothes.
  • the development of entrepreneurial skills and work ethics in Clothing and Textiles.
  • the development of techniques for promoting Clothing and textile products (modelling, exhibition, etc.).

Scheme of Examination

Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken. The first and second papers will be composite exams that must be taken all at once.

The first paper will include 60 multiple-choice objective questions that must all be solved in one hour for 60 marks.

Six brief, structured essay-style questions will make up PAPER 2.

Candidates must respond to four questions for 60 points in one hour and thirty minutes.

The third paper will include two components.

Both sections will assess candidates’ familiarity with their course material, with one being a practical test.

The exam will have 100 possible points and take two hours and thirty minutes.

30 minutes of preparation time will be available before the test is administered. A visiting Examiner chosen by the West African Examinations Council will administer the test.

The visiting Examiner should be given the course work articles and their pattern pieces for 20 marks in the evaluation.

WAEC Clothing and Textiles Syllabus

Contents Notes
Career Opportunities in Clothing and Textiles         (i)Career types

(ii)Work ethics

a. Reasons for studying Clothing and Textiles
b. Career types e.g. modelling, teaching, dressmaking and tailoring, textiles chemist, textiles designer, etc.
c. Basic requirements for careers e.g. knowledge, academic qualification, etc.

a. Meaning
b. Components – rules and regulations, attitudes, behaviours, integrity, self-confidence, etc.
c. Importance and benefits of work ethics.

Fibre and Fabric Meaning of fibre, yarn, fabric, etc.
Combinations (blends, mixtures)
Fabrication/construction (weaves, crocheting, knitting)
Finishing treatments.
Classifications e.g. clothes, accessories and cosmetics.
Clothing Concept
Wardrobe for family members e.g. babies, pre-school children, teenagers, etc.
Wardrobe Planning Factors to consider in wardrobe planning.
Benefits of planning wardrobes.
Factors that promote good grooming.
Selection of appropriate clothes and accessories
Good Grooming Proper use of cosmetics.
Cosmetics and health.
Sewing Equipment/            Tools (a) Classification
(i) By size: large and small equipment
(ii) By functions e.g. pressing, cutting, measuring, etc.
(b) selection/choice
(c) factors affecting choice
(d) use and care
(e) reasons, correct handling, and storage.
(f) Sewing Machine
(i) Types, advantages and disadvantages, brands
(ii) Factors affecting the selection of the sewing machine.
(iii) Parts of the sewing machine.
(iv) Functions of the parts of the sewing machine.
(v) Setting and threading the sewing machine.
(vi) Care
(vii) Common faults and remedies
Sewing Processes (g) Safety in the use of Tools/Equipment.
(i) Stitches
rules for working stitches
(ii) Seams
– classification
choice of seams
– rules for making seams.
(iii) Arrangements of Fullness
– types
factors for choosing fullness.
– rules for working.
(iv) Edge Finishes
– edges requiring finishing
– types of finishes
points to consider when
choosing edge finishes
(vii) Pockets
– attachment
Advanced Techniques
(a) Essentials of garment construction
(i) Lining and interfacing
suitable fabrics for lining e.g.
satin, fine polyester, muslin, etc.
suitable fabrics for interfacing
e.g. canvas, vilene, petersham etc.
ways of fixing lining.
(ii) Fashion features
– types e.g. collars, necklines,
sleeves, frills, belts, etc.
– uses
– directions for working.
(iii) Simple patterns
(a) Types of patterns
(i) Commercial Pattern
(Printed and Perforated)
(ii) Freehand cutting, etc.
(iii) Drafted and adaptation
(b) Taking body.
(c) Pattern making e.g. bodice,
skirt, sleeve, short, etc.
Garment Construction (d) Pattern Adaptation and Alteration
(i) Adaptation of basic block
(ii) Simple alteration
(e) Laying and cutting out.
(f) Fitting garments.
(i)Elements of design e.g. line, colour, etc.
(ii) Principles of design e.g. balance, rhythm.
(iii) Application of principles and elements of design in clothing construction and selection.
(iv) Identification of figure type for both male and female
(v) Choice of styles for different figure types.
Clothing Design (a) Care labels
(b) Stains
(i) types,
(ii) agents,
(iii) removal of stain.
(c) Laundry
(i) steps in laundry,
(ii) washing of simple fabrics e.g. cotton, linen and wool.
(d) Dry cleaning
(i) Home-sponging
(ii) Commercial
Care and Maintenance of Clothes (e) Repair and customise
– repair/mending renovation
(f) Storage and packing of clothes
(a) Patchwork
(b) Appliqué
(c) Hand and machine embroidery
(d) Soft toys
(e) Crocheting, knitting
(f) Macrame
(a) Principles of shopping
– meaning of a consumer and consumer education.
– rights of a consumer – Enforcers (govt agencies, consumer agencies and regulations)
– points to bear in mind when shopping for clothing and textile products.
Creative Fabric Craft (b) Sources of Clothing and Textiles products (budgeting and impulsive buying)
– market
– departmental stores
– hawkers etc.
Setting up a Clothing and Textiles enterprise.
Consumer Education (a) Explanation of terms
(i) – entrepreneur
– entrepreneurship
– enterprise, etc.
(ii) – Characteristics of entrepreneur
(iii) – Advantages and disadvantages of an entrepreneur.
(b) Requirements for a Clothing and Textiles entrepreneur e.g. knowledge and skills.
Entrepreneurship (c) Factors that promote success in entrepreneurship
(d) Clothing and Textiles Enterprises
– tailoring/dressmaking
– itinerant sewing
– alteration specialist, etc.
(e) Setting up a Clothing and Textiles enterprise
(i) choice of business idea
(ii) market research
(iii) development of a business plan
OrganisingClothing            and TextilesExhibition/ Modelling and Fashion Shows (f) Managing a Clothing and Textiles enterprise
(i) Meaning of terms – exhibition, modelling and fashion show
(ii) Types
(iii) Purpose
(iv) Factors to consider
(i) Publicity (mass media, print media).
(ii) Security, where to exhibit.
(iii) What to exhibit, etc.
  1. Clothing and Textiles for Senior Secondary Schools by Ministry of Education, Ghana.
  2. Needlework for Schools by Melita M. Neal.
  3. Needlework Notebook by Rhiannon Davies.
  4. Certificate Needlework by Cecile Miles.
  5. Basic Needlework by W. Bull.
  6. Home Economics for Schools Books 1, 2 & 3.7.
  7. Dressmaking Made
  8. Simple by Gideon Lippman and Dorothy Erskine.
  9. Clothes by Margaret Butler.

Items Required

  1. Full-length dressing mirror;
  2. Scissors
    • Cutting out scissors;
    • Trimming scissors;
    • Pinking shears;
    • Embroidery scissors
    • Buttonhole scissors;
  3. Cutting-out table
  4. Sewing needles and pins
  5. Tape measure
  6. Thimble
  7. Sewing machine
  8. Dummy
  9. Cabinet
  10. Ironing board/pressing iron, etc.
  11. Buckets (metal and plastic)
  12. Wooden turner
  13. Washing bowls
  14. Gloves
  15. Wooden Tonges
  16. Iron pots.


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