Complete WAEC Syllabus for Garment Making 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must read the WAEC Garment Making syllabus before you may take the test. It includes the goals and benchmarks, notes, and structure for the garment manufacturing exam.

Examining the Clothing The creation of a syllabus is essential for exam preparation. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without reference to the Garment Making syllabus is equivalent to visiting a farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s suggested textbooks and the Garment Making syllabus are included in this section (WAEC).

WAEC Garment Making

The goal of the senior secondary level Garment Making course is to fulfill the universal yearning of every woman and man to learn how to make clothing.

This will make it possible for students to sew clothes effectively, generate income, and become independent once they graduate.


The Garment Making syllabus is aimed at testing the basic knowledge and understanding of candidates in:

  1. Manipulative skills that will enable students to effectively function in their community and the larger society;
  2. Developing interest and passion for garment making/design which will lead students to start-up self–employed ventures;
  3. Creativity, aesthetic values, attitudes and skills development;
  4.  Developing interest in locally made fabrics and self-made articles;
  5. Appreciating entrepreneurship / small businesses for job/wealth creation towards improving  the individual, family and the nation;
  6. Appreciating the dignity of labour;
  7. The selection, use and maintenance of sewing equipment;
  8.  Selection of appropriate clothing for all occasions and figure types;
  9. Pattern making and freehand cutting.

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Examination Scheme

Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers, all of which must be taken. A composite paper consisting of Papers 1 and 2 must be completed in one sitting.

Paper 1 consists of forty multiple-choice questions that must be answered in 40 minutes for a total of 40 points.

Paper 2 consists of five brief essay questions, with applicants having 45 minutes to respond to four of them for 40 points.

This paper will serve as a practical work test. There will be four brief, structured questions in it. Candidates will have 40 minutes to complete all of the questions for 40 points.

WAEC Garment Making Syllabus

Introduction to Garment Making

  1. The importance of clothes/garments
    • Reasons for wearing clothes/ garment
    • Identification of clothing items
    • Identification of clothes/garments for different occasions
  2. The Concept of Garment Designing
    • Definition of garment designing
    • Principles of design
    • Element of design
    • Factors that influence garment designing e.g. age, figure type, etc
  3. Economic importance of Garment Designing
    • Importance of garment designing to the individual, the family
    • The economic value of garment making
  4. Entrepreneurship in Garment Making
    • Entrepreneurship /small business management
    • Qualities of an entrepreneur
    • Advantages of entrepreneurship
    • Factors to be considered when going into garment making business

Sewing Tools and Equipment

  1. Simple sewing tools and equipment
    • Identification of various types of sewing tools and equipment
    • Classification of sewing tools and equipment according to functions viz: Measuring, Marking, Cutting, Joining, Pressing, Fitting, Storing
  2. The sewing machine
  3. Care of sewing tools and equipment
  4. Common machine faults and remedies or solutions
    • Points to consider in choosing sewing tools and equipment
    • Types of sewing machine
    • Use of different types of sewing machines
    • Parts of a sewing machine and their functions
    • Importance of care and maintenance of sewing tools and equipment
    • Care of simple sewing tools and equipment
    • Care and maintenance of a sewing machine
    • Common machine faults /problems
    • Solutions/remedies to the machine problems
    • Improper use of machine parts

Basic Sewing Processes

  1. Basic stitches
  2. Seams and seam finishes
  3. Disposal of fullness
  4. Facing and interfacings
  5. Facings and interfacings

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The Concept of Patterns

  1. Patterns
  2. Ways of obtaining patterns
  3. The freehand method
  4. Body measurements
  5. Drafting of a bodice block
  6. Drafting of shirt block
  7. Drafting of basic sleeve blocks
  8. Drafting of basic collar
  9. Drafting basic skirt blocks
  10. Drafting of basic trouser blocks
  11. Adaptation of other outfits, e.g. gowns, jumpers, e.t.c.

Figure Types and Garment Making

  1. Figure types
  2. Fabric selections for the various figure types
  3. Choice of styles

Adaptation of Patterns

  1. Adaptation of blouse patterns
  2. Adaptation of skirt pattern
  3. Adaptation of sleeves
  4. Adaptation of collars

Sewing of Blouses/Shirts

  1. Practical construction of blouse/skirt
  2. Practical construction of skirts, trousers, gowns and jumpers

Setting Up a Garment Business

  1. Minimum requirements for setting up a garment making business
  2. Factors that can affect small business
  3. Financing a business
  4. Profit/price-fixing
  5. Customer relationship
  6. Record keeping
  7. Promoting a business

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Items Required for Effective Teaching of Garment Making

  1. Different types of sewing machines
  2. Large cutting table
  3. Storage cupboard or wardrobe
  4. Standing mirror
  5. Dress form
  6. Pressing Iron
  7. Long ruler
  8. T – squire
  9. Arm hole/neckline curves
  10. Cutting shears
  11. Paper scissors
  12. Needles ( hand sewing)
  13. Machine needles
  14. Hangers
  15. Ironing sheets and blankets
  16. Long mirror
  17. Screen
  18. Ironing boards
  19. Tracing wheel
  20. Pins
  21. Pin cushions
  22. Seam reaper
  23. Brooms, brushes and duster
  24. Waste paper bins
  25. Tailor’s chalk
  26. Brown paper
  27. Calico

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