You must prepare for the exam by studying the WAEC Integrated Science syllabus. The format, notes, and goals for the Integrated Science exam are all included.
You must study an Integrated Science subject to be prepared for your exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.
Exam preparation without Integrated Science is equivalent to visiting a farm without your farming equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.
Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.
The West African Examination Council’s Integrated Science and suggested textbooks are included in this article (WAEC).
WAEC Integrated Science
This curriculum evolved from the Senior High School Integrated Science Teaching Syllabus published by the Ghana Education Service in September 2010.
The goal of integrated science is to give each person access to a full body of scientific information and to improve their level of scientific literacy so they can function in the current technological age.
Science education offers a chance to cultivate a positive mindset and set of values.
Aims and Objectives
This syllabus seeks to among other things, enable students to:
- acquire the skill to solve basic problems within their immediate environment through analysis and experimentation;
- keep a proper balance of the diversity of the living and non-living things based on their interconnectedness and repeated patterns of change;
- adopt sustainable habits for managing the natural environment for humankind and society;
- use appliances and gadgets effectively with a clear understanding of their basic operations and underlying principles.
- explore, conserve and optimise the use of energy as an important resource for the living world;
- adopt a scientific way of life-based on pragmatic observation and investigation of phenomena;
- Search for solutions to problems of life recognizing the interaction of science, technology and other disciplines.
It is presumed that candidates taking the examination must have:
- Carried out activities relating to the rearing of at least one of the following groups of animals:
- guinea pigs, rabbits
- paid visits to well-established farms, and institutions related to agriculture, research or manufacturing to observe scientific work and application of science;
- kept practical notebooks on records of individual laboratory and field activities performed.
Scheme of Examination
Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken. The first and second papers will be combined exams that must be taken all at once.
The first paper will include 50 multiple-choice objective questions that must all be solved in one hour for 50 marks.
The second paper will have six essay-style questions. Candidates will have one hour and thirty minutes to respond to four questions, each worth 20 points.
Paper 3 will have four questions on a practical work test. For a total of 60 points, candidates must complete all of the questions within two hours.
WAEC Integrated Science Syllabus
Questions will be asked on the topics set out in the column headed “CONTENTS”. The “NOTES” are intended to indicate the scope of the questions but they are not to be an exhaustive list of limitations and illustrations.
NOTE: The S.I units will be used for all calculations. However, multiples or sub-multiples of the units may also be used.
Diversity of Mater
- Introduction to Integrated Science
- Concept of Integrated Science Science
- The scientific Method
- Safety precautions in the laboratory
- Basic quantities and derived quantities and their units.
- Measuring instruments
- Measurement of density and relative density
- Diversity of living and non-living things
- Characteristics of living things
- Classification schemes of living and non-living things.
- Particulate nature of matter
- Elements, compound and mixtures
- Ionic and covalent compounds
- Atomic number, mass number, isotopes and relative atomic mass of given elements
- Mole, molar mass and formula mass
- Preparation of solutions
- Plant and animal cells
- Types of plant and animal cells (Specialised cells)
- Types, formation and characteristics of rocks.
- Weathering of rocks
- Acids, bases, and salts
- Simple definition of acids, bases, salts
- Physical and chemical properties of acids, bases and salts
- Examples of chemical substances classified as acids, bases or salts
- Methods of preparation of salts
- Acid-base indicators
- Determination of pH of a given solutions.
- Soil conservation
- Principles of soil and water conservation
- Classification of soil nutrients
- Functions and deficiency symptoms of nutrients
- Maintenance of soil fertility
- Organic and inorganic fertilizers
- Depletion of soil resources
- Physical and chemical properties of water
- Hardness and softness of water.
- Treatment of water for public consumption
- Metals and non-metals
- Classification of materials
- Uses of metals, semi-metals and non-metals
- Exploitation of minerals
- Process of rusting
- Prevention of rusting
- Organic and inorganic compounds
- Classification of chemicals as organic and inorganic
- Neutralization and esterterification
- Air movement
- Land and sea breeze
- Types of air masses and their movement
- Effect of moving air masses
- Nitrogen cycle
- Hydrological cycle
- Distribution of earth’s water
- Hydrological cycle
- Sources of water contamination
- Effects of water contamination
- Water conservation methods
- Life cycles of pests and parasites
- Types of pests and parasites
- Life cycles of some pests and parasites of human, plants and farm animals
- Crop production
- General principles of crop production
- Production of crops
- General principles of farm animal production:
- Main activities involved in farm animal production
- Ruminant production
- Production of non-ruminant
- Skeletal system
- The mammalian skeleton
- Reproduction and growth in plants
- Structure of flowers
- Pollination and fertilization
- Seeds and fruits dispersal
- Seed germination
- Vegetative (Asexual) reproduction in plants
- Respiratory system
- Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
- Structure and functions of the respiratory system in mammals
- Inhalation and exhalation
- Problems and disorders of the respiratory system
- Exchange of respiratory gases in plants.
- Food and nutrition
- Classes of food and food substances
- Food fortification and enrichment
- Health benefits of water
- Dentition, feeding and digestion in mammals
- Structure of different types of teeth in relation to their functions
- Care of teeth in humans
- Digestive system of human
- Transport: Diffusion, osmosis and plasmolysis.
- Excretory system
- Excretory organs
- Disorders of urinary systems in humans
- Reproductive system and growth in mammals
- Mammalia reproductive system
- Male and Female Circumcision
- Fertilization, development of the zygote and birth in humans.
- The process of birth and care for the young
- Problems associated with reproduction in humans
- Sexually transmitted infections (STI’s)
- Phases of growth and development
- The circulatory system
- The structure and functions of the circulatory system of humans
- Composition and functions of blood
- Disorders associated with the blood and the blood circulatory system
- Nervous system
- Structure and the function of the nervous system
- Causes and effects of damage to the central nervous system
- Voluntary and involuntary actions
- Endocrine system and its functions
- Forms of energy and energy transformation
- Conservation of energy and efficiency of energy conversion
- Solar energy
- Uses of solar energy
- Application of solar energy
- The process of photosynthesis
- Conversion of light energy to chemical energy
- Claasification of solid materials into conductors, semiconductors and insulators
- Behaviour of discrete electronic components
- Transistors and their uses
- Electrical energy
- Nature and source of static and current electricity
- Electric circuits
- Resistance(R), current (I), potential difference (V), and power (P).
- Electric power generation
- Power transmission
- Sound energy
- Sources of sound
- Musical notes and noise
- The human ear
- Light energy
- Reflection and refraction of light
- The mammalian eye
- Dispersion of light
- Primary and secondary colours
- Electromagnetic spectrum
- Heat energy
- Nature and sources of heat energy
- Modes of heat transfer
- Thermal expansion
- Change of state of matter
- Nuclear energy
- Uses of nuclear energy
- Protection from the effects of radioactivity
- Nuclear waste disposal
Interactions of Matter
- Basic ecological terms
- Types of ecosystems and their components
- Food chain and food web
- Atmosphere and climate change
- Regions of atmosphere
- Human activities and their effects on the atmosphere
- Atmospheric pollutants
- Green house effect
- Ozone layer
- Acid rain
- Infection and diseases
- Causes of Diseases
- Common diseases
- Magnetic and non-magnetic materials
- Magnetic field
- Magnetization and demagnetization
- Force, motion, and pressure
- Archimedes Principle and law of flotation
- Distance, displacement, speed, velocity, momentum, acceleration
- Stability of objects
- Safety in the community
- Safe use of appliances in the home
- First aid methods
- Hazardous substances
- Common hazards in the community
- Roles of health service organizations: (WHO, FAO, UNICEF, Foods and Drugs Board Ghana Health Service, Red Cross, Red Crescent, EPA, Ghana Standards Board, UNPFA, Blue Cross)
- Variation and inheritance
- Chromosomes and genes
- Sex determination and sex-linked characters
- Blood groups and Rhesus factor
- Sickle cell gene and Sickle cell anaemia
- Work and machines
- Work, energy and power
- Simple machines
- Endogenous technology
- Small scale industries
- Genetic engineering
- Tissue culture