Complete WAEC Syllabus for Machine Woodworking 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must prepare for the exam by studying the Machine Woodworking WAEC course. It includes the Machine Woodworking exam’s goals and objectives, notes, and format.

Researching Device You must study the woodworking subject in order to pass your exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

preparation for the exam without using a computer Going to the farm without your agricultural instruments is akin to doing woodworking. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s Machine Woodworking and suggested textbooks are included in this post (WAEC).

WAEC Machine Woodworking

Examination Scheme

Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken.

A composite paper consisting of Papers 1 and 2 must be taken in one session.

Paper 1 will include forty multiple-choice objective questions that must all be answered in one hour for a total of 40 points.

Paper 2 will have four concise, organized questions. Candidates will have one hour to respond to any three questions for 60 points.

Paper 3: One practical question with a 2-hour time limit and 100 marks will make up this section.

Schools must get a list of the test materials at least two weeks prior to the exam date so that they can make the necessary preparations and purchases.


In the case that materials for the real practical test cannot be obtained, the Council may consider evaluating candidates’ aptitude for practical work as specified in the syllabus.

One question must be answered correctly for 100 points in 2 hours for this alternate test.

WAEC Machine Woodworking Syllabus

Theory Component

1. Tree growth, structure and types (a)    Common West African trees; characteristics and countries of origin.
(b)     Tree growth, growth process, tree parts and functions.
(c)      Wood structure: cross-section of a tree.
2 Properties of timber (a)      Characteristics of soft and hardwoods.
(b)       Physical properties of common West African timbers.
3 Timber Processing:
(a)   conversion
(b)   seasoning
(c)   preservation
(a)       Concept of timber conversion.
(b)       Methods of timber conversion.
(c)       Common market sizes of timber.
(d)        Concept of timber seasoning.
(e)        Reasons for seasoning timber.
(f)         Methods of seasoning timber, including advantages and disadvantages.
(g)         Types and characteristics of timber preservatives.
(h)         Application of timber preservatives.
4 Timber defects Types – natural and artificial defects e.g. knots, shakes, splits, etc.
5 General wood machine shop safety (a)       General machine shop safety habits.
(b)       Electrical and mechanical safety rules.
6 Safety equipment and devices in the wood machine shop Identification and uses of common machine shop safety equipment and devices (e.g. fire extinguisher, first aid box, sand bucket, etc).
7. Safety in the operations of woodworking machines. Specific safety rules guide the use of each woodworking machine.
8. Wood machine layout (a)      Principles of machine shop layout.
(b)      Flow diagram of a machine shop layout.
9. Woodwork machines Parts, accessories, uses and maintenance of machines: crosscut saw, circular saw bench, surface planer, thicknesser, jigsaw, sander, band saw, tenoner, mortiser, router, spindle moulder, lathe.
10. Wood machining Machine operations involving crosscutting, ripping, grooving surface planing, shooting, chamfering, bevelling, tapering, sanding, curve cutting, mitre cutting, tenonning, turning, rebating, mortising, shaping, moulding.
11. Business opportunities in machine woodworking (a)    Identification of business opportunities in Machine         Woodworking.
(b)    Feasibility study of business opportunities in Machine          Woodworking.
12. Funds sourcing Sources of funds – Personal, savings, bank loans, co-operatve associations, thrifts, etc.
13. Operating and managing a wood machine Shop Setting up and managing a machine shop.

Practical Component

Practical activities will include

  • Bevelling and tapering;
  • Crosscutting;
  • Grooving;
  • Ripping;
  • Mitring;
  • Shooting, surface planning;
  • thicknessing;
  • curve cutting; Moulding;
  • Sanding;
  • Turning;
  • Mortising;
  • tenonning;
  • Cleaning and lubricating
  •  machine parts Chamfering; and accessories

List of Facilities and Major Equipment


1. Radial Arm CROSS CUTTING Mc 2
2. Circular Saw 2
3. Surface Planer 2
4. Thicknesser 2
5. Band Saw 2
6. Moticer (Hollow Square Chisel and Chain 2
7. Tenoner 2
8. Router 2
9. Spindle Moulder 2
10. Wood Turning Lathe 2
11. Orbital Sander 2
12. Veneering Press 2
13. Dimension Saw 2
14. Powered Saw 2
15. Jig Saw 2
16. Spraying Machine 2
17. Drill Press – Table Type 2
18. Drill Press – Standing Type 2
19. Cutter Grinding Machine 2
20. Saw Sharpening Machine 2


1. Circular Saw Blade (rip saw, cross ant saw, combination saw) 5 each
2. Mitre Gauge 2
3. Spray Gun 2
4. Morticing Attachments Various
5. Turning Chisels Various
6. Calipers (Outside and Inside) 5
7. Cutter Blocks and Cutters 5 each
8. Oil Can 5
9. Spanners 5 sets
10. Drill Bits Various
11. Grinding Block 5
12. Grease Gun 2
13. Band Saw Blades (6, 12, 18 and 25mm) 5
14. Mortising Chisels (6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 25 mm) 5 each
15. Setting Pliers 5
16. Files (round, flat, triangular half round) 5 each
17. Gate saw set 5
1. John R. Clayton Machine Woodworking Northwood Publication Ltd
2. J. A. Walton Woodwork in theory and practice (Metric Edition) Australasian Publishing Company (London)
3. D. M. Shaw Woodwork Design and Practice Hodder and Stoughton, London
4. H. E. King General Certificate Woodwork (3rd Edition) Harrap, London
5. D. N. Willacy Woodwork Book 1 and 2 Nelson, Lagos
6. Nurudeen et all Fundamentals of Woodworking Evans, Lagos
7. G. W. Brazier and N. A. Harris Woodwork Bungay, Richard City
8. J. Fierre and G. Hutchings Advanced Woodworking and Furniture Making
9. CESAC Woodwork for Senior Secondary Schools
10. J. N. K. Sackey Woodwork for Senior Secondary Schools Macmillan
11. Rom Pettit Woodwork Made Simple W. H. Allen and Co. Ltd. London.
12. John Strefford Guy McMurdo Woodwork Technology Schofield and Sims Ltd.
13. E. J. Wynter Woodwork Longman
14. Frank Hilton Craft Technology for Carpenters and Joiners
15. John L. Feirer and Gilbert R. Hutchings Carpentry and Building Construction Glencoe Publishing Company.



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