Complete WAEC Syllabus for Music 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You need to study the WAEC Music syllabus in order to take the test. It includes the goals and benchmarks, supporting materials, and format for the music test.

You must study Music if you want to be prepared for your exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without the aid of music is akin to going to the farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s Music and suggested texts are included in this article (WAEC).

WAEC Music Syllabus


Every culture’s way of life is infused with music. Every society values and appreciates art.

Music is employed for commercial, artistic, cultural, and entertaining objectives. It can be seen on many different occasions and during rituals associated with things like birth, puberty, marriage, festivals, religious observance, and death.

Since it promotes happiness, self-esteem, and both dance and drama, music continues to play a vital role in society. In addition to being used for therapeutic purposes throughout many civilizations, it offers outlets for artistic expression.

The potential for developing world-famous personalities and icons through music instruction is limitless.

As a result, the curriculum places a strong emphasis on gaining a deeper understanding of the subject through the study of its historical, theoretical, creative, and practical components.

Students who successfully complete the course will have the necessary knowledge and skills to pursue higher music study. As professional musicians, performers, composers, arrangers, broadcasters, producers, music engineers, instrument technicians, music therapists, etc., it will also give them the necessary entrepreneurial abilities.

The applicant is anticipated to

  1. explore basic elements of music through reading, writing, listening, aural recognition, improvisation, and composition.
  2. develop skills and artistic confidence in the presentation of music and perform reasonably well as a soloist.
  3. appreciate the historical, social and economic factors that have influenced composers and their contributions to the development of music in the West African sub-region and the world in general.
  4. compose short vocal/instrumental pieces.
  5. explore basic computer software applications in music.

The Scope

The following areas will be tested:


(i) Rudiments of Music

(ii) Harmony

(iii) Counterpoint (two-part writing)

(iv) Composition

(v) Form and Analysis


(i)    Aural Test

(ii)    Performance Test


(i) History and Literature of Western Music

(ii) Traditional and Contemporary African Art Music

(iii) Popular African Music and Black Music in the Diaspora

Scheme of Examination

Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken.

Paper 1: There will be forty multiple-choice questions from the whole curriculum in this one-hour objective test. For a total of 40 points, candidates must tackle every question on the exam.

Paper 2: There will be five questions in this two-hour essay-style test. Candidates will have two hours to respond to three of the questions for a total of 60 points. Both Question 2 on the analysis of prescribed set-works and Question 1 on Theory/Composition (Melody Writing, Harmony, and Counterpoint) will be required. These topics will be covered:

  • Composition;
  • Harmony;
  • Counterpoint (two-part writing);
  • Form and Analysis;
  • History and Literature of Music in Western and African traditions;
  • Black Music in the Diaspora.

Exam 3A: Auditory

50 points will be awarded for this 45-minute listening test.

Test of Performance in Paper 4B

This performance evaluation will last 30 minutes and be worth 50 points. Candidates must perform on one of the following instruments: voice, violin, pianoforte/electronic keyboard, flute, atenteben, recorder, B flat trumpet, and E flat alto saxophone. Candidates will be evaluated on their proficiency with sight reading, technical drills, scales, and arpeggios.

WAEC Music Syllabus


(A) Rudiments of Music

(a) Notation

(i)    Staff

(ii)    Clefs (C, G, and F)

(b) Scales: (Western)

(i) Diatonic – Major and Minor (natural, harmonic and melodic)

(ii) Chromatic – (melodic only)

(c) Modes: (African)

(i) Pentatonic    (5-tone)

(ii) Hexatonic    (6-tone)

(iii) Heptatonic   (7-tone)

(d) Keys and Key Signatures

(e) Time Signatures: Simple and Compound

(f) Intervals

(g) Transcription (Staff notation into Solfa and vice versa)

(h) Transposition, including writing for transposing instruments

(i) Musical terms, signs, ornaments and abbreviations

(B) Elementary Harmony

(a) Chords/Triads

(i)      Primary   –     I/i, IV/iv, V and their inversions

(ii)     Secondary –   ii, iii, vi and their inversions

(iii)    Chord vii˚ and its inversions

(iv)    7th Chords (dominant 7th only) and its inversions

(b) Chord Progressions

Cadences (in both major and minor keys)

(i) Perfect (V – I);

(ii) Plagal  (IV – I)

(iii) Interrupted (V–vi)

(iv) Imperfect (I–V), (ii – V), (iii – V), (IV – V)

(c) Use of primary and secondary triads in harmonising a given melody

(i) Use of six-four chords (cadential and passing only)


(ii) The use of non-harmonic tones;

  • Passing (accented and non-accented)
  • Auxiliary or Neighbouring tones
  • Anticipation

(d) Modulations from the home key to its closely related keys only

(i)    Dominant

(ii)   Subdominant

(iii)  Relative major and minor

(e) Four-part harmony (SATB).

(f) Two-part free Counterpoint (adding a part above or below a given melody).

(C) Composition

(a) Continuing a given melodic phrase in either a major or minor key to form a melody of not less than 12 bars and not more than 16 bars in all. Candidates may be required to modulate to at least one specified related key.

(b) Setting a given text in English to music.

(D) Form and Analysis

(a) Simple forms e.g. binary, ternary, rondo, etc.

(b) Extended forms e.g. overture, oratorio, opera, cantata, suite, sonata, symphony, concerto, etc.

(c) Form in traditional African music, e.g. the various forms of antiphony (Call and Response, Cantor/Chorus, Call and Refrain), Repetitive (Cyclic) forms, etc.

(d) Form in contemporary African art music – with emphasis on compositional techniques, e.g. use of melody, rhythm, harmony, instrumentation,


through-composed pieces, etc.

(E) Prepared set-works as recommended for each year

The set-works listed below (Western or African) are to be chosen by the candidate, as recommended, for each year. This will be studied for a compulsory question in Paper 2.

Year Work Composers
2013 Trumpet Concerto (2nd Movement)                    ORAhekoo J. Haydn  E. Pappoe-Thompson
2014 Largo from the Symphony in E minor “From the New World” (Abridged Piano Version)                     OROre Meta Antonn Dvorak   Akin Euba
2015 Gavotte  (From French Suite No. 5 in G)                     ORNne Bia Nyerem Aka J. S. Bach  Laz Ekwueme
2016 Triumphal March (From AIDA)                                             ( Abridged Piano Version)                     ORAtentenata in C (Opus 3 No. 1) Giuseppe Verdi   C.W.K. Mereku
2017 Moment Musical in G Minor                    ORKiniun Franz Schubert  Ayo Bankole


Candidates will be required to write all seven tests.  The Aural Tests will be administered by means of a CD/cassette, a copy of which will be sent to each examination centre on the day of the examination.

(a) Rhythmic Dictation


A melody not exceeding 4 bars will be played four times. Candidates will be required to write the rhythm on a monotone.  Before playing the passage, the examiner will give the time signature and indicate the speed at which the pulse of the music moves. The passage may be in either simple or compound time.

(8 marks)

(b) Melody Writing

Candidates will be required to write from dictation a short melodic passage not exceeding 4 bars and which may contain elements of African Music.

Before playing the passage, the examiner will indicate the speed at which the pulse of the music moves. The passage may be in either simple or compound time. The piece, which may be modal or in a major or minor key, will normally begin on the first beat of a bar.  If the music is in a major or minor key, the key will be named and tonic chord sounded, followed by the key note.  If in a mode, the tonal centre and the mode will be played.

The pulse will be given and the melody will first be played in its entirety.  It will then be played twice in sections at short intervals of time and finally it will be repeated in its entirety.  (8 marks)

(c) Writing the Upper or Lower part of a Two-Part Phrase

A two-part phrase in a major or minor key not exceeding four bars will be played.   The candidates will be required to write out either the upper or the lower part in full. The key and time-signature will be given and the tonic chord sounded. The passage will be played four time. The passage may be in either simple or time. (8 marks)

(d) Chords

A passage in a named key containing not more than eight chords will be played.   The candidate will be required to identify chords employed in the progression by using the Roman numerals e.g. Ic, V, vib, etc. or a technical description of each chord, e.g. dominant, first inversionsub-dominant, root position etc. The passage will be played four (4) times at a reasonably slow pace.  The key will be given and the tonic chord sounded before the passage is played through.

(8 marks)

(e) Cadences

Candidates will be required to recognize and name any of the following cadences (perfect, imperfect, interrupted or plagal) occurring in a musical example in a major key.  After the tonic chord has been sounded, the whole musical sentence will be played through 3 times with due deliberation at short intervals.  Only four examples will be given which may not necessarily have to be different.

(6 marks)

(f) Modulations

Candidates will be required to recognize and name simple changes of key.  Four examples will be given, each starting from the same tonic key and containing one modulation only.

Modulations will be limited to the dominant, subdominant, and relative major or minor keys.  After the key has been named and the tonic chord sounded, each of the four examples will be played through three times. The test will not necessarily contain examples of modulations to four different keys: the same

key-change may re-occur.

(6 marks)

(g) Identification/Description of Themes

Candidates will be required to identify or describe the characteristics of three themes or excerpts taken from selected pieces, at least one of which will be African.  Each theme/excerpt will be played three times.  Before each passage is played, the Examiner will tell candidates exactly what they are expected to do.   Questions will be limited to the form, style or genre of excerpt played, principal instrument(s) playing, scale or mode employed and meter.

(6 marks)

Notes on the Conduct of Aural Test

For Centre Supervisors only

Schools and centres at whose venues Aural Tests are held must provide a quiet, well-lit room, a good CD/cassette player, and a non-music teacher to assist the Supervisor.  The Assistant’s role would be to administer the test through the playing of the provided CD/cassette for the examination.  The CD/cassette must be played once only.



Every candidate will offer an instrument or voice for a practical examination.

Sight-reading will form part of the examination for the Performance Test.  A list of

set-works for the practical examinations is attached as Appendix.  Only works from that list may be selected for the performance test.

Information on set pieces are available at any WAEC Office in the member countries.

Musical Instruments

The current approved instruments for Performance Tests are:

(i) Voice (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone/Bass)

(ii) Pianoforte/electronic keyboard

(iii) String Instruments: Violin, Guitar

(iv) Selected wind instruments: Recorder (descant and treble), atentebenflute, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet, trombone, euphonium and tuba

Notes on the Conduct of Performance Test

1. For Test Centres/Supervisors

(a) The exact dates of performance tests at individual centres can be arranged only after the entries are completed.

(b) There may be one or more examiners at the option of the West African Examinations Council.  No other person will normally be allowed in the room with the candidates (except an accompanist) during the examination.

(c) The normal time for the performance test will be about 30 minutes per candidate. However, examiners may, at their discretion, take less time over examination of individual candidate.

(d) Schools and Centres at whose premises performance tests are held must provide a quiet, well-lit room, a well-tuned pianoforte/electronic keyboard, a writing table and chair for the Examiner, and someone to act as a steward outside the examination room.

2. For Candidates

(a) Performing or playing from memory is optional.  But, candidates performing from memory must bring copies for the Examiner’s use.

(b) A technical exercise or study as stipulated on a list of set works will be performed from memory.

(c) The Examiner may, at his/her discretion, stop the performance of any piece when he/she has heard enough to assess the candidate.

(d) Candidates must perform pieces from the approved list only, using the instrument for which the pieces were written.

(e) A candidate should provide his/her own accompanist (if needed) who may remain in the room only while actually engaged in the accompanying. The candidate’s teacher may also be the accompanist but the Examiner will not. However, in lieu of an accompanist, a soundtrack of the accompaniment is allowed.

(f) Each candidate is to provide music stand (if required).

(g) Two sight-reading tests will be given. The tests may be in either simple or compound time.


General historical backgrounds, works and contributions made by composers as outlined below.  Only a general (non-specialist) knowledge of the composers, periods, works and forms will be expected.

A. Traditional Musicians/Composers

(a) Nigeria

Ezigbo Obiligbo, Dan Maraya, Haruna Ishola, Ayinla Omowura, Dauda Epoakara, Odolaye Aremu, Ogundare Foyanmu, Hubert Ogunde, Israel Nwoba, Mamman Shata,  etc.

(b) Ghana

Vinoko Akpalu, Yaa Adusa, Afua Abasa, Kakraba Lobi, Gilbert Berese, Kodjo Nuatro,  Kwamina Pra, etc.

B. Popular Musicians

(a) Nigeria

(i) Highlife: Victor Olaiya, Celestine Ukwu, Inyang Henshaw, Zeal Onyia, Victor Uwaifor, Nico Mbarga, Roy Chicago, Rex Jim Lawson, Bobby Benson, Stephen Osita Osadebey, Eddie Okonta,

Adeolu Akinsanya

(ii) Afrobeat : Fela Anikulapo Kuti, Femi Kuti, Orlando Julius Ekemode.

(iii) Juju : I. K. Dairo, Fatai Rolling Dollar, Ebenezer Obey, Sunny Ade,

Prince Adekunle, Segun Adewale, Dele Abiodun, Shina Peters.

(iv) Fuji : Sikiru Ayinde Barrister, Ayinla Kollington, Rasheed Ayinde,

Wasiu Ayinde Marshall, Abass Obesere, Wasiu Alabi Pasuma,

Saheed Osupa.

(v) Waka : Batile Alake, Kuburatu Alaragbo, Salawatu Abeni

(vi) Afro-Pop: Onyeka Onwenu, Christi Essien Igbokwe, Sonny Okosuns, Mike Okri, Chris Okotie, Bisade Ologunde (Lagbaja) Zaki Adze.

(vii) Afro-Reggae : Terra Kota, Majek Fashek, Ras Kimono, Victor Essiet, Evi Edna-Ogholi

                                    (viii) Hip-Hop : Tuface Idibia, Dbanj, P-Square, Paul Dairo, 9ice, Wande     Coal, Terry Gee, Davido, etc

(b) Ghana

E. T. Mensah, George Darko,  A. B. Crentsil, Paapa Yankson, Asabea Cropper, Dinah  Akiwumi, Kwa Mensah, M. K Oppong (Kakaiku), Jerry Hanson,  Kwame Gyasi, Nana Kwame Ampadu, Awurama Badu, Mary Ghansah, E K Nyame, Kwabena Onyina Gyedu Blay Ambolley,  C. K. Mann, Akwasi Ampofo  Agyei, Akosua Agyapong,  Stella Doughan Reggie Rockstone

C. Contemporary Art Musicians

(a) Nigeria

T. K. E. Phillips, Fela Sowande, Ayo Bankole, W.W.C. Echezona,

Adam Fiberesima, Dayo Dedeke, Akin Euba, Sam Akpabot, Ikoli Harcourt- Whyte, Laz Ekwueme, Okechukwu Ndubuisi, Sam Ojukwu, Bode Omojola, Ayo Oluranti, Debo Akinwunmi, Christian Onyeji, Richard Okafor

(b) Ghana

Ephraim Amu, Otto Boateng, J. M. T. Dosoo, S. G Boateng, Walter Blege,

J. H. K. Nketia, Alfred Enstua-Mensah, A. Adu Safo,  J. A. Yankey, Kenn   Kafui, E. Pappoe Thompson, Ata Annan-Mensah, N. Z. Nayo, R. G. K Ndo, M. K. Amissah, G. W. K Dor, Sam Asare-Bediako.  Gyima-Larbi

D. Western Composers

(a) Medieval ca. 450 – 1400

Guillaume de Machaut, Johannes Ockeghem,  Jacob Obrecht

(b) Renaissance ca. 1400 – 1600

Guillaume Dufay, Thomas Tallis, John Cooke, John Tudor, Josquin des Prez, Orlando di Lasso, John Dowland, Orlando Gibbons, William Byrd, John Dunstable Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina,

(c) Baroque ca. 1600 – 1750

Claudio Monterverdi, Antonio Vivaldi, Archangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell

Johannes Sebastian Bach, George Frederick Handel, , Domenico Scarlatti.

(d) Classical ca. 1750 -1820

Willibald Gluck, Josef Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Jan Ladislav Dussek, Muzio Clementi, C.P.E. Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven. Franz Haydn

(e) Romantic ca. 1820 – 1900

Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Clara Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn,

Fredrick Chopin, Franz Lizst, Johannes Brahms, Hector Berlioz, Richard Wagner, Antonn Dvorak, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Johannes

Strauss, P. I. Tchaikovsky The Russian Five (Modeste Mussorgsky, Balakirev, Cezar Cui, Alex Borodin and Rimsky Korsakov)

(f) 20th century ca. 1900 – 2000

Bela Bartok, Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, Paul Hindemith,

Aaron Copland, Hector Villa-Lobos, Saint Saens,

E Black Music in the Diaspora

Scott Joplin, Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington,

Charlie Parker, Dizzie Gillespie, John Coletraine, Aretha Franklin, Miles Davies James Brown, Diana Ross,  Lord Kitchener, Mighty Sparrow, Jimmy Cliff,

Bob Marley, Michael Jackson, Hugh Masakela, Mariam Makeba, and such forms as Spiritual, Jazz, Blues, Rock, Gospel, Soul, Calypso, Reggae and Afrobeat

Note :  Questions may also be asked on current and very widely known musicians of African origin.


(a) The role of music in traditional African Society

(b) Musical Instruments

(i)   Names and description

(ii)   Classification

(iii)   Function (musical and non-musical)

(c) General Characteristics

(i)      Scales/Modes

(ii) Rhythm (metrical and non-metrical, cross-rhythm, hemiola, syncopation, polyrhythm)

(iii)      Polyphony

(iv)      Form (antiphony, strophic, through-composed etc.)

(v)       Vocal styles (recitative, yodelling, ululation, holler, nasalization)

(vi)      Texture (monophonic, homophonic, polyphonic)

(vii)     Instrumentation

(d)       Categories and types

(i)      Dirges

(ii)      Cradle songs; Lullabies

(iii)      Ritual songs

(iv)     Folk songs

(v)      Satirical songs

(vi)      Other types of traditional vocal genres

(e)        Relationship of music to other arts e.g. dance, drama, festival etc.

List of traditional dances to be studied

General knowledge of the dances and the ethnic groups that perform them as well as the occasions on which they are used would be expected.


Adowa, Kundum, Kete, Akom, Fontomfrom, Agbadza, Atsigbekor, Kpatsa, Borborbor, Toke, Gahu Kolomashie, Gome, Kpanlogo, Apatampa, Gumbe Takai, Bamaya, Nagila etc


Bata, Egwu Amala, Atilogwu, Swange, Apiiri, etc.




Performance Test


The separate lists embodying the requirements for the performances tests, technical exercises, scales, arpeggios, etc. are published here along with the pieces for the musical instruments that are testable at the moment.

The instruments are voice, (soprano/tenor and alto/bass), pianoforte/electronic keyboard, violin, selected wind instruments (descant recorder, treble recorder, atenteben, flute, B-flat trumpet, and E-flat alto saxophone).

Other musical instruments will be added when necessary.  The present lists are subject to review from time to time.

Requirements for Practical Examination

(a) Candidates may use any edition of music, except where a particular arrangement or transcription is specified.  Candidates and teachers are reminded that the Copyright Acts do not permit the making or use of photocopies of copyright works.

(b) Where no metronome or expression marks are indicated in the music, candidates should use their discretion to achieve an acceptable performance.

(c) Discretion should be used in choosing works from different lists (i.e. A and B) so as to display variety and contrast of style and mood.


Schedule of Marks

Technical Exercises etc. 10

One piece from list A 15

One piece from list B 15

Singing at sight 10

Total 50

(a) Candidates should note that purity of vowels and tone production, breath control, flexibility, intonation, articulation and diction will be taken into account in the marking.

(b) The candidate should bring a copy of each of the chosen songs for the accompanist’s use.

(c) The test of singing at sight will not be accompanied. It may be sung on any of the syllables, ah, oh, as legato or staccato.

(d) The chord and the keynote will first be sounded for the candidate before each

sight-singing test.  If in a mode, the tonal centre and the notes of the mode will first be played.

(e) Technical Exercises

Each of the following exercises could be sung to any of the syllables ah, oh, oo or in tonic solfa, legato or staccato.

I). Soprano/Tenor 

Two songs to be sung from memory; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • G. F. Handel            – How beautiful are the feet (Air)
  • F. Mendelssohn Bartholdy – O for the wings of a dove
  • Charles Gounod – Ave Maria

List B (Ghana)

  • Dr E. Amu – Mawue na ‘me
  • Timothy Mensah – Taabanyiriba (Accompaniement)
  • Joshua A. Amuah – Bɔne Bɛn
  • J. H. Nketia             – Mo! Agya no a Ɔɔko

List B (Nigeria)

II). Contralto/Baritone

Two songs to be sung from memory; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

(i) Henry Purcell   – If Music be the food of love (Arr. By Lawrence Henry)

  • L. van Beethoven – Ich Liebe dich (I love you Dear)
  • Franz Schubert – To Music

List B (Ghana)

(i) Faustina Amu   – Gyae Nsem keka yi

  • J. H Nketia – Dwabenhene ba Foriwa
  • J. H Nketia – Wo ho te sen Wo ho te sen

List B (Nigeria)

Singing at Sight: Two short tests in a major, minor or modal key. One of the tests will be on African rhythm.


Schedule of Marks

Technical Exercise etc. 10

One piece from list A 15

One piece from list B 15

Singing at sight 10

Total 50

a. The teacher or accompanist may help to tune the instrument before the examination begins.  The teacher may act as the accompanist. The Examiner will not accompany any candidate.

b. Candidates should provide themselves with music stands or stools if they require them.

c. Intonation, production and quality of tone (bowing, finger action) and positioning of the instrument will be taken into account in the marking of the pieces and studies, scales and arpeggios.  Candidates are not compelled to adhere to the fingering and bowing marks indicated. Any good practical fingering and bowing will be accepted.

d. The test of playing at sight will be given without accompaniment.

(a) Scales

(ii) Slurred bowing

(b) Arpeggios

Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List  A

  • G. F. Handel – Lord of our being
  • Stephen Dodgson pg. 34-35 – Serenade
  • Antonio Vivaldi – Spring (from the four seasons)

List B

  • C.W.K Mereku – Atɛntɛnatta in C (Opus 3 No. 1)
  • J. H. Nketia – Prelude
  • G. E. Kwame – Ibibio Folk Tune


Schedule of Marks

Scales, Broken Chords/Arpeggios 10 marks

One piece from list A 15 marks

One piece from list B 15 marks

Playing at Sight 10 marks

Total 50 marks

a. The Examiners in marking will pay attention not only to accuracy of notes and time, but also to other things inherent in good performance, for example, quality of touch, variety of gradation of tone, choice of tempo, observance of marks of expression, rhythm, phrasing and accent and the use of practical fingering.

b. Scales, arpeggios and broken chords should be played from memory, ascending and descending throughout the prescribed compass, at a pace appropriate to the technical demands of the grade, consistent with accuracy and distinctiveness and without undue accentuation.

Scales and Arpeggios (from memory)

Scales: Major and minor (melodic or harmonic at candidate’s choice): hands together in similar motion one octave apart, in all keys (three octaves).  In contrary motion with both hands beginning and ending on the keynote (unison), in the major keys of C, G, D, F, B-flat (two octaves)

Chromatic scales:  Hands together in similar motion, one octave apart, beginning on any note named by the examiner (two octaves).

Arpeggios: The major and minor common chords of C, G, D, F, B-flat in root position only, with hands together in similar motion an octave apart (two octaves).

Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart             – Sonata 1
  • Ludwig van Beethoven – Minuet in G
  • J S Bach – 2-part Inventio No 8

List B

  • N. N. Kofie – Akan Fughetta
  • J. H. Nketia             – Play Time
  • J. H. Nketia              – Bulsa Worksong


A Recorder

B. Atɛntɛbɛn

C. Flute

D. Trumpet

E. Saxophone (Alto in E flat)

Schedule of Marks

Technical Exercise — 10

One piece from list A — 15

One piece from list B — 15

Singing at sight — 10

Total    = 50

Technical Exercises

The Technical Exercises are for all wind instruments. Candidates will be required to play the exercises legato or staccato.

1. The scale of C major two octaves ascending and descending.

2. The major scales of G, D, F, and B flat one octave ascending and descending.

3. The minor scales of E, A and D

4. Arpeggios – one octave of each of the above keys


Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • Ludwig van Beethoven –  Melody (from the Sorp. ‘Ich Liebe Dich)
  • Francis Piggott – Minuet (from a choice collection of Ayres

for the Harpsichord or Spinet)

  • Jeremiah Clarke – The Prince of Denmark‘s March

List B

  • J. H. Nketia            – Quartet No. 1
  • C.W.K Mereku            – Atentenatta in C (Opus 3 No. 1)
  • J. H. Nketia             – Yaanom Montie


Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • Kojo Tibu   – Ghana Nyingba (Arr. E. Obed Acquah).
  • C.W.K Mereku – Atentenatta in C (Opus 3 No. 1)
  • Ebeli Eva – Journey of Hope

List B

  • J H Nketia – Quartet No 1 (Arr. C. W. K. Mereku)
  • E. Obed Acquah – Ama Adoma
  • J. H. Nketia – Yaanom Montie


Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • Carl Reinecke                        – Gavotte (From Five serenades for the young)
  • Justin Connolly            – The Purple Chorale
  • Timothy Baxter            – Waltz Interlude

List B.

  • C.W.K Mereku            – Atentenatta in C (Opus 3 No. 1)
  • Eva Ebeli            – Dambai
  • Kojo Tibu              – Ghana Nyingba (Arr. E. Obed Acquah).


Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • John Barrett                        – The St. Catherine
  • William Croft                                    – Sarabande
  • Lully                        – Lonely Woods

List B.

  • J.H.K Nketia                        – Mmoboro Asem (Arr. E. Obed Acquah)
  • Kojo Tibu            – Ghana Nyingba  (Arr. E. Obed Acquah).
  • Ebeli Eva            – Enyonam


Two pieces to be played; one chosen by the candidate from each of the lists A and B.

List A

  • Jeremiah Clarke               – Gavott
  • Henry Purcell                           – Rigadoon
  • Franz Schubert               – Ave Maria

List B.

  • J.H.K.Nketia                           – Onipa beyee bi
  • Kojo Tibu               – Ghana Nyingba  (Arr. E. Obed Acquah).
  • J.H.K Nketia                           – Mmoboro Asem (Arr. E. Obed Acquah)


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