Complete WAEC Syllabus for Painting and Decorating 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must prepare for the exam by studying the WAEC Painting and Decorating syllabus. It includes the purposes, guidelines, supporting materials, and format for the Painting & Decorating test.

For exam preparation, you must study the topic of painting and decorating. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

The equivalent of traveling to the farm without your agricultural instruments is studying for an exam without using Painting and Decorating. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s Painting and Decorating and suggested texts are included in this section (WAEC).

WAEC Painting and Decorating



The curriculum is meant to serve as the foundation for evaluating candidates’ painting and decorating knowledge and abilities. Additionally, it will serve as a benchmark for assessing the depth of candidates’ knowledge of the socioeconomic potentials of painting and decorating.


The test will gauge candidates’

1. knowledge of types of Painting compositions;

2. skill in Painting and Decorating;

3. level of understanding of modern trends in Painting and Decorating;

4. knowledge in the ways of applying Painting and Decorative arts to contemporary environments;

5. level of aesthetic awareness;

6. knowledge of job and wealth creation through Painting and Decorating.


Each of the three required Papers—numbers 1, 2, and 3—must be taken.

Papers 1 and 2 will be combined into one exam that will last three hours.

Paper 1 will include forty (40) multiple-choice (objective) questions that must be answered in one hour for a total of forty (40) points. All of the topics covered in the syllabus will be represented in the questions.

Paper 2: Candidates will have two hours to complete four of the six essay-style questions in this paper for a total of 60 points.

Paper 3: Candidates will only undertake one of the two (two) possible tasks in this practical paper on decorative painting. The exam will take three hours to complete and will be worth 100 points.

At least two weeks prior to the exam date, candidates must have access to the question paper and requirements for this paper. This will give candidates plenty of time to get ready. However, the work’s execution would be conducted in the exam room under WAEC supervision.

WAEC Painting and Decorating Syllabus


(a) Meaning of pictorial and decorative painting.

(b) Differences between pictorial and decorative paintings.

(c) Tools and equipment in decorative and pictorial paintings.

(d) Elements and Principles of design.

(e) Functions of pictorial and decorative painting.


(a) Meaning of colour.

(b) Classes of colour (primary, secondary and tertiary).

(c) Properties of Colour (hues, tones and intensity).

(d) Colour schemes (analogous, complementary and monochromes).

(e) Improvisation of colours from local sources.


(i) Techniques in pictorial Painting

(a) Dry painting

(b) Wet painting

(c) Glazing

(d) Impasto

(e) Fresco

(f) Tempera

(ii) Techniques in decorative Painting

  1. Flat painting
  2. Rag rolling
  3. Scumbling or Combing
  4. Spraying
  5. Mural
  6. Mosaic


(a) (i) Still life Painting

(ii) Nature Painting

(iii) Figure / Life Painting

(b) Differences between the observatory and imaginative painting


(c) Functions of pictorial paintings.


(a) Body decoration

(i) Meaning of body decoration.

(ii) Differences between traditional and modern body decorations.

(iii) Motifs and designs for body decoration.

(iv) Materials used for body decoration

(v) Functions and importance of body decorations.

(b) Wall Decoration

(i) Meaning of wall / interior decoration.

(ii) Differences between traditional and modern wall decorations.

(iii) Motifs, patterns and designs for wall decoration.

(iv) Materials used for wall decoration

(v) Functions and importance of wall decorations.


(a) Meaning of Perspective

(b) Types of perspective

(c) The importance of perspective in a pictorial painting composition.


(a) The socio-economic value of the pictorial and decorative painting.

(b) Careers in pictorial and decorative painting.


(a) Costing of pictorial and decorative painting based on:

  • Location and size of work
  • Materials / equipment involved
  • Time invested.
  • Quantity and quality

(b) Exhibition of Paintings:

  • Planning / Processes
  • Funding

(c) Marketing of Painting

  • Pricing
  • Negotiation
  • Communication (advertising/publicity)
  • Outlets for marketing
  • Selling.

Decorative Painting

This paper will seek to evaluate candidate’s ability the creation of aesthetic environments and it will consist of two questions from which candidates shall attempt one only. The works can be rendered in either poster colours or acrylic colours etc.

1 Painting and Decorating- An Information Manual. A. Fulker, Bill Stewart and D, Tikkle and J. Windsor.
2. Painting and Decorating Science A. Fulker, Bill Stewart and D, Tikkle and J. Windsor.
3 The Complete Guide to Painting and Decorating Editors of Creative Publishing Creative Publishing Ltd.
4 Dictionary of Painting and Decorating J. H. Goodier Charles Griffin & Company Ltd.
5 Painting and Decorating J. H. Goodier Lubrecht & Cramer Ltd;
6 The Modern Painter and Decorator Arthur Seymour Jennings Caxton Publishing Company
7 Handbook of Painting and Decorating Products Albert Beckly Granada Publishing Ltd.


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