Complete WAEC Syllabus for Physical Education 2023, Text Books, and Topics

You must study the WAEC Physical Education syllabus in order to take the test. It includes the goals and objectives, notes, and exam structure for physical education.

You must study Physical Education in order to be prepared for your exam. You can use it as a guide to help you decide which topics to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas that you ought to learn carefully.

Exam preparation without a physical education component is equivalent to going to the farm without your farm equipment. You won’t be effective in the end.

Make sure to use the syllabus when you start your exam preparations.

The West African Examination Council’s physical education and suggested textbook lists are included in this section (WAEC).

WAEC Physical Education

In order to take the exam, you must have knowledge of the WAEC Physical Education syllabus. The format, notes, and goals for the physical education exam are all included.

In order to prepare for your exam, you must study the Physical Education course. You can use it as a guide to determine the subjects to read about. Additionally, there are notes on ideas you ought to focus on understanding.

Exam preparation without physical education is like going to the farm without your farming equipment. Ultimately, you won’t do anything.

Make sure you start using the curriculum while you study for the exam.

This article includes the West African Examination Council’s physical education and suggested texts (WAEC).


The purpose of the exam syllabus is to determine whether the candidates have learned the following:

  • the understanding of movement activities and the relationships between     movement and concepts from biological, physical and social sciences;
  • skills needed in basic motor activities, fitness, maintenance and self-awareness;
  • an appreciation of the role of movement and physical activity in human development;
  • the understanding of physical activity and exercise as tools for health and wellness promotion.


Papers 1, 2, and 3 are the three required papers that must all be taken. The first and second papers will be combined into a single composite paper and taken in one sitting.

PAPER 1: There will be 50 multiple-choice questions on this paper, and it will last for 50 minutes and be worth 50 points.

Paper 2 will be divided into four sections, A, B, C, and D, and will include questions on the following topics from the syllabus:

Section A: Sports involving balls and rackets

Section B: Physical Education’s Basic Principles
Basic human anatomy and physiology in physical education, Section C
Section D: Competitions and Sports Administration
Candidates must respond to two of the three brief essay questions in Section A for a total of 20 points. Each of Sections B, C, and D will have two quick essay questions. Each of the parts will have one question worth 10 marks that candidates must respond to. There will be 50 total marks awarded for the one-hour, 20-minute paper.

PAPER 3: This too will have four sections: the following events are covered in Sections A, B, C, and D:

Section A: Exercise (Track and Field events)
Section B: Sports
Racket games, Section C
Gymnastics, Section D
Section A will consist of three questions, with the applicants being obliged to respond to two of them. The section’s questions each worth 25 marks. Candidates must respond to one of two questions in each of Sections B, C, and D. (from each section).

Sections B and C questions each carry 20 marks, whereas Section D questions each carry 10 marks.

A candidate will be given a maximum of two minutes and 120 seconds to react to a call to performance during a practical exam.

WAEC Physical Education Syllabus

Principles and Philosophy of Physical Education

  1. Philosophy of Physical Education
    • Principles and philosophies of founding fathers
    • changes in concept of physical Education
    • education of the physical and education through the physical
  2. Physical education ideologies
    • nationalism and patriotism in physical education and sport.
      national ideologies
  3. Recreation
    • Definition and importance
    • Types of recreational activities
      • indoor
      • outdoor
    • Recreational activities: Walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, playing musical instruments, table tennis, camping etc.
    • Differences between recreational activities and lifetime sports.
  4. Intramural and Extramural activities and the tournament
    • Definitions of
      • intramural activities
      • extramural activities
    • Benefits of intramural and extramural activities
    • Definition of tournament
      • Types of tournament
  5. Traditional sports in West Africa
    • Origin of traditional sports in West African countries
    • types of traditional sports in respective different West African Countries
    • values of traditional sports
  6. Greek Festivals and The Olympic Games
    • Greek Festivals:
      • Usthman, Pythian, Nemean and Olympian
      • Ancient Olympic Games
    • The modern Olympic Games

National and International Sports Competitions

  1. Sports Championship at national level
    • organization and administration
  2. Types of championship
    • national championship organized by different sports associations/federations
    • national championship organized by corporate organizations
    • the national sports festival
  3. Institutional sports
    • the universities games
    • the polytechnic games
    • colleges of education games
    • national school sports federation
  4. The All African Games
    • history of All Africa Games
    • reasons for disparity in the timing of the games
    • history and activities of supreme Council of sports in African (SCSA)
  5. International Competitions
    • The F.I.F.A World Cup
    • The Olympic/Paraolympic Games
    • Commonwealth Games
    • All Africa Games
    • world Athletics Championship
    • World Swimming Championship

Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology in Relation to Physical Activities

  1. Skeletal System
    • main parts and functions of the human skeleton
    • bones and joints involved in movement.
  2. Nervous System
    • the brain
    • the spinal cord
    • the nerves
  3. Circulatory System
    • the hearts muscle
    • effects of exercise on the heart
    • the blood circulation
    • function of blood
    • types of blood circulation
  4. Respiratory System
    • the trachea, lungs and nose
    • the functions
    • types of respiration
    • aerobic and anaerobic sports
  5. Skeletal muscles
    • major muscles of the body
    • types of muscle contraction
    • muscle cramp, cause, prevention and first aid.
  6. Somatotype
    • description of the various body type
    • relationship between body type and physical activities and sports
  7. Posture
    • correct posture
    • postural defects

The practice of Athletics, Games and Dance

  1. Athletics (Track and Field Events)
    • Track Events
      • Short distance races (sprints) 50m, 100m, 200m, 400, hurdles and relay races.
      • Sprint start: bullet/bunch. medium and elongated
      • Relay races
      • hurdle events (high and low)
        • middle race (800m, 1,500m,
        • 3000 steeple chance cross country
        • long-distance races (3,00m, 5,000, 10,000m) and marathon
        • phases of running
        • rules and regulations
        • officiating
  2. Field Events
    • throwing events: discus, javelin and shot put
    • jumps: high jump, long jump, triple jump and pole vault
      • equipment and specification
      • techniques
      • rules and regulations
      • officiating
  3. Games
    • Ball games
      • football
      • basketball
      • volleyball
      • hockey
      • handball
    • rules and regulations of each game
    • Officiating.
  4. Racket games
    • tennis
    • table tennis
    • badminton
  5. Specification of court/table of all games;
    • types of equipment used;
    • kills involved in each game;
    • rules and regulations
    • officiating
  6. Traditional dances
    • dances from the regions of each country
    • costumes for various dances
    • types of traditional dance and dance step

Physical Fitness and Conditioning

  1. Physical fitness
    • Definition of physical fitness
    • Components of physical fitness
    • Examples of health-related and performance/skill-related components of physical fitness
    • Benefits of physical activity, exercise and physical fitness
  2. Health and Personal hygiene
    • importance of health in physical education
    • care of the body
    • sportswear

Nutrition, Drug and Sports

  1. Nutrition
    • classes of food nutrients
    • balanced diet
    • dietary consideration in sports
  2. Drug in sports
    • meaning of drug
    • types of drug
    • drug use and misuse
    • the effect of drug on sports performance
  3. Sports injuries
    • Common sports injuries
    • dislocation
    • sprain
    • strain
    • fracture
    • bruise
    • cramp
  4. First aid and first aid box
    • Special conditions and solutions that require first aid
    • Sportswear
  5. Corrective and adapted physical education programme
    • Definitions
    • Categories of people with special needs
    • Corrective exercise
    • Activities for the special needs
    • Social and emotional problems of the special needs: Heatstroke, heat exhaustion, drowning shock, fainting, muscle fatigue

Sports Administration

  1.  Administrative structure/functions of sports at national, regional/state and local government level.
  2. Administrative structure/function of sports at institution level



Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top